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The Culture of Make Believe

Derrick Jensen, Chelsea Green, 2004.

Jensen details American racism from the genocidal slave trade through lynchings to the 2000 murder of Amadou Diallo
by NYC police, and covers a wide range of other cultural horrors as well and forges these events into an emotionally compelling and devastating critique of the intellectual, psychological, emotional and social structures of Western culture.


Let the Circle Be Unbroken: The Implications of African Spirituality in the Diaspora
Marimba Ani, Red Sea Press, 1994.
Marimba Ani, author of Yurugu. For people who remain vulnerable in a social order that does not reflect their cultural identity, Ani offers some insightful solutions to surviving the challenges of white supremacy.


Outlaw Culture: Resisting Representations

bell hooks, Routledge, 2006.

Interrogates popular culture as a source for intervention, challenge and change.


Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: America’s Legacy of Enduring Injury and Healing
Joy Degruy Leary, Uptone Press, 2005.
This book’s thesis is that while African Americans managed to emerge from chattel slavery and the oppressive decades that followed with great strength and resiliency, they did not emerge unscathed. Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome lays the groundwork for understanding how the past has influenced the present, and opens up the discussion of how African Americans can use the strengths they have gained to heal.


Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America
Melissa V. Harris-Perry, Yale University Press, 2011.

Jezebel’s sexual lasciviousness, Mammy’s devotion, and Sapphire’s outspoken anger—these are among the most persistent stereotypes that black women encounter in contemporary American life. Hurtful and dishonest, such representations force African American women to navigate  a virtual crooked room that shames them and shapes their experiences as citizens. Many respond by assuming a mantle of strength that may convince others, and even themselves, that they do not need help. But as a result, the unique political issues of black women are often ignored and marginalized.


The Wretched of the Earth

Frantz Fanon, Grove Press, reprint edition 2005.

An analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Bearing singular insight into the rage and frustration of colonized peoples, and the role of violence in effecting historical change, the book attacks the twin perils of post independence colonial politics: the disenfranchisement of the masses by the elites on the one hand, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other.




“Internalized Racism: A Definition,” Donna Bivens, Women’s Theological Center, 1995.


“Internalized Oppression and Latinos,” Laura M. Padilla, Excerpted from “But You’re Not a Dirty Mexican: Internalized Oppression, Latinos & Law,” 7 Texas Hispanic Journal of Law and Policy 61-113, 65-73, 2001.

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